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L'influence de William S. Burroughs dans l'oeuvre de William Gibson et de Genesis P-Orridge

Abstract : The influence of the American writer William S. Burroughs (1914-1997) on artists from different backgrounds is well documented today. Few artists, however, have gone beyond the stage of simple influence to truly work to extend his work and take it in new directions. My work consisted in studying the works of two artists who made precisely this choice: the American writer William Gibson and the English musician, performer and essayist, Genesis P-Orridge. I looked into the universe represented in Gibson's novels and Orridge's programmatic texts, affirming the importance of Burroughs' work for "Cyberpunk", a subgenre of science fiction, but also "Music Industrial”, which appeared in England and the United States in 1976-1977. I have studied the fictional groups that emerge from these dystopian worlds, as well as the idea of ​​an alternative society that they propose while underlining the topicality of the questions thus posed to the reader (redefinition of the notions of "copyright" or "property intellectual”). I studied the evocations, mentions and quotations of William S. Burroughs in the works of Gibson and Orridge, asking myself the question of their precise function, and analyzed the new textual and narrative modalities they offer. Finally, I focused on the meaning that takes, in Orridge, the substitution of the living body on the page, and in Gibson, the programming of a text intended to fade away as the reader becomes aware of it. . The thesis also made it possible to demonstrate the investment, by William Gibson, of the Burroughsian cut-up technique (a technique which consists in cutting up texts before replacing the fragments thus obtained in a different order and generating sentences and a new texts) in order, on the one hand, to build a world which seems to be elaborated from perpetual restarts, and on the other hand to propose an alternative to the absolutism of the Word. I also demonstrated the use of the cut-up technique by Genesis P-Orridge, who applies it, first to the musical domain, then to the body itself by replacing the text by the skin, the pair of scissors by surgical tools, and transforming his body into a work of art.
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Contributor : Christophe Becker Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, September 23, 2022 - 12:03:40 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, September 24, 2022 - 3:56:26 AM


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Christophe Becker. L'influence de William S. Burroughs dans l'oeuvre de William Gibson et de Genesis P-Orridge. Littératures. Université Paris 8, 2010. Français. ⟨tel-03777596⟩



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