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Du peuple à la cité : vie politique et institutions en Gaule chevelue depuis l'indépendance jusqu'à la fin des Julio-Claudiens

Abstract : Protohostoric Gaul is traditionally seen as devoid of unity, torn apart by continuous wars between its peoples. The Gallic entity described by Caesar would be a creation of his own in view of Roman politics goals. Nonetheless, the institutions of Gallic peoples are seen as a coherent whole obeying to the Aeduan model. The renewed study of the sources, particularly the "Bellum Gallicum", invalidates these views inherited from passed centuries. ln fact, Gaul is a reality that precedes the Roman description. It is a coherent political space with common political practices: assemblies at different levels, among which one for Gaul, the recognition of a hegemonic people, the use of general coalitions headed by a war leader. These practices, well established already during Caesar's time, provided for a part of the basis of the Roman administrative system in Gaul. Thus the Gallic entity is perpetuated though the cult at the Confluent which ignored the provincial tripartition and partially obeyed criteria inherited from the independence. As for the peoples' institutions, they are here considered as many of independent entities therefore revealing their diversity in spite of their convergences. The Roman conquest did not entail an immediate institutional upheaval and civil wars delayed the establishment of a "forma provinciae". Rome then relies on men it maintained to power. It is only in 16-13 BC that Augustus completed the provincial cutting and triggered civic mutation in Gaul which leads to more institutional homogeneity. But diversity endured and the Latin right doesn't put an end to situations inherited from the past either.
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Submitted on : Friday, August 12, 2022 - 11:42:17 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03750426, version 1


Emmanuel Arbabe. Du peuple à la cité : vie politique et institutions en Gaule chevelue depuis l'indépendance jusqu'à la fin des Julio-Claudiens. Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2013. Français. ⟨NNT : 2013PA010549⟩. ⟨tel-03750426⟩



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