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Le motif ethnolinguistique Vieille Femme / Grand-Mère associé à la figure de la Terre-Mère en Europe de l’Ouest ? Inventaire et étude des données toponymiques et lexicales

Abstract : This work aims at studying the Old Woman (OW) linguistic motif which is highly recurrent, on a European scale, in toponymy, folklore, and semantics. This pattern can be found in the languages and dialects of eight countries constituting our study area: Norway, Denmark, Iceland, the United Kingdom, Ireland, France, Spain, and Portugal. The main goal is to reveal similarities between different cultural and linguistic areas by developing a method which help finding and analysing ethnolinguistic data. Those pieces of information are gathered in a database of more than 7380 items – mostly place-names – the translation of which contains the words “old woman” (OW) or “grand-mother” (GM), the major variant of this motif.The matter here is to show the scientific interest of a toponymic approach that takes into account folklore, mythology, language (semantics) and archaeology (megaliths); in other terms, the rich cultural content of names and places.The Old Woman motif particularly refers to pieces of land, rivers, hilly or mountainous areas and to megaliths. This old woman is present for instance in customs (during New Year's Day or Lent) and in agrarian rituals (during harvest and haymaking).What precisely lies behind the name of “Old Woman” designating, in certain European legends, a giantess carrying and throwing huge boulders?How to interpret the fact that her name is given to animals, plants, and weather phenomena?In order to explain this linguistic persistence, answers will be brought through an interdisciplinary approach.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03721541
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 12, 2022 - 5:01:13 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 13, 2022 - 3:49:02 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03721541, version 1

Citation

Lee Fossard. Le motif ethnolinguistique Vieille Femme / Grand-Mère associé à la figure de la Terre-Mère en Europe de l’Ouest ? Inventaire et étude des données toponymiques et lexicales. Sociologie. Université de Bretagne occidentale - Brest, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021BRES0082⟩. ⟨tel-03721541⟩

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