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Theses

Comunità e voce : verso un pensiero del comune a partire da Wittgenstein e Foucault

Abstract : The thesis aims to articulate a conception of the political community starting from Foucault's ethical-political reflection, that is, to derive from it a theoretico-political project of collective emancipation. It shows, first of all, how Foucauldian reflection cannot amount to a theory of the community because of two structural aporias: on the one hand, the absence of a normative foundation for the political praxis of the subject; on the other, the lack of a theory of its communitarian and collective becoming. In order to resolve these impasses, the thesis proposes to turn to Wittgenstein's reflection, on the basis of the common membership of the two authors in the perfectionist tradition of moral thought and more particularly their convergence in the perfectionist critique of the Cartesian subject, which in Wittgenstein's work takes the form of a redefinition of subjectivity in terms of voice. Against the background of this convergence, the study proposes to reinterpret Foucauldian theory of the political subject through the perfectionist category of voice. It shows how this reinterpretation, on the one hand, provides the action of this subject with a normative foundation, assigning to it a paradigm of political rationality, and, on the other, allows for the reinterpretation of parrhesia as the political outcome of this paradigm, in the form of a model of radical democracy. This model constitutes the redefinition of the political community made possible by Foucault's work: thanks to the Wittgensteinian category of voice, Foucault’s thought can thus be developed into an overall political proposal, finally assuming the dimension of a project of collective emancipation.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 23, 2022 - 8:26:48 AM
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Andrea Di Gesu. Comunità e voce : verso un pensiero del comune a partire da Wittgenstein e Foucault. Philosophy. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I; Scuola normale superiore (Pise, Italie), 2021. Italian. ⟨NNT : 2021PA01H210⟩. ⟨tel-03675236⟩

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