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Theses

Les Historiettes de Tallemant des Réaux : un « roman de formation » ?

Abstract : The Historiettes by Tallemant des Réaux, written from 1657 to 1659 but only published nearly two centuries later, in 1834, consist of a motley collection of 323 portaits or small biographies, anthologies and self account/narrative. This fragmented structure, which is the chief characteristic of the work, hinders all attempts to classify it in any specific genre. It has been sometimes related to memoirs because of the various testimonies it contains on Henry IV and Louis XIII's reigns but more often, it is scorned as consisting only of a set of entertaining - and often saucy - anecdotes.Trying to go beyond this traditional approach, we have thought it would be interesting to attempt a comprehensive approach of the Historiettes suggesting the hypothesis of a main thread that could reveal the hidden significance, if any, to the ill-assorted oddity, deliberatly presented by Tallemant. Actually, one cannot ignore the importance of the self narrative which, as a subterranean string, links the Historiettes together but appears only in full light at the very end, when the narrator finallly reveals himself as « an author ». This suggests that the end is actually the beginning of a work which is elaborated upon the basis of Tallemant's own life but back to front. Such a sophisticated composition leads us towards a kind of « Bildungsroman » in which the heros's personality is enriched with the fruits of various memorable experiences of his own life. Paradoxe ! : it is an anachronism to compare a seventy century collection of historiettes with a Bildungsroman ? In fact, only the free form of the novel could allow a narrative of self-discovery in which the subject becomes aware of his being a writer and reveals his ambitions. Our purpose has been to unfold the hidden route of a unique author whose writing feeds on the fine art of conversation cultivated in the world of the 17th century salons.
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Submitted on : Friday, May 13, 2022 - 7:04:10 PM
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Lilia Coste. Les Historiettes de Tallemant des Réaux : un « roman de formation » ?. Littératures. Université Paris Cité, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021UNIP7088⟩. ⟨tel-03667971⟩

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