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Le Mal dans l'imaginaire de Jules Verne (1863-1905)

Abstract : Jules Verne's novels and short stories are part of an editorial program of "education and recreation" for a young readership. The Vernian imaginary therefore meets ethics of the adventure novel where Good and Evil are clearly pointed out and clash. As part of a reflection on Evil, after a presentation of the literary, moral and editorial contexts, a careful reading of Jules Verne's novels and short stories requires several insights. Characters: In the adventure novel, Good and Evil refer to character types; In Verne’s narrations, the heroes of Good represent role models with whom young readers can identify. On the contrary, the wicked possesses a revealing physical appearance and may be ranged among categories of moral Evil. He is actuated by passions such as hate, revenge and, above all, cupidity. Evil may be faceless and secrecy is one of the mover themes of Verne's imagination. The masked wicked are numerous : How does the narrative reveal them to other characters and the reader? Evil is also pain, punishment of the wicked. Can the latter come good ? One character catches our attention because he experiences a kind of redemption. Evil is also that of the loss, the death, of the beloved being. Some of Jules Verne's narrative themes belong to the fantasy genre, such as invisibility, in Wilhelm Storitz or defiance of God in Zacharius. Ancient myths breath through Verne’s plots and the well known captain Nemo has become a literary myth. Jules Verne affords a picture of the world in the nineteenth century and, through human communities, imaginary or future cities, dystopias, some of his accounts reveal his opinion about political issues of his time. Evil and good clash in his own judgment of different races and nationalities, thus, the reader may approve of his condemnation of slavery and certain forms of colonialism but certainly not the presence in some novels of the Evil of racism and anti-Semitism.
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Submitted on : Thursday, May 12, 2022 - 4:52:25 PM
Last modification on : Friday, May 13, 2022 - 3:29:30 AM


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  • HAL Id : tel-03666768, version 1


Eric Muller. Le Mal dans l'imaginaire de Jules Verne (1863-1905). Littératures. Le Mans Université, 2022. Français. ⟨NNT : 2022LEMA3003⟩. ⟨tel-03666768⟩



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