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Verdir la société : les organisations environnementales nationales à la croisée des champs

Abstract : This thesis focuses on the social space formed by national environmental associations and foundations. Through a combination of qualitative (interviews, corpus of documents) and quantitative (social network analysis) methods, it studies the modalities and conditions under which these organizations manage, individually and as a space, to create dynamics of autonomization despite the historical heteronomies that characterize them. Using a structural approach, it shows that this fragmented space is organized in two poles. While the first includes organizations that value forms of autonomy towards neighboring fields (administrative, economic, union, academic and the rest of the nonprofit sector), those from the second pole claim the opening of the space as a means of accomplishing their social mission, namely accompanying these fields in their ecological transition. For all organizations, relations with external fields are a vector of injunctions that constrain their actions, particularly the dynamics of cooperation. Under certain conditions, however, they manage to seize these multiple allegiances as a resource that strengthens their capacity for strategic action. The intersection of this plurality of constraints and the differentiated capacities for action of organizations allows maintaining a diversity of organizational models. By discussing field theory, structural analysis and new institutionalism in the sociology of organizations, this work contributes to the study of the specific features of collective action in spaces with weak and variable autonomy.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 24, 2022 - 12:49:08 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, March 26, 2022 - 4:12:37 AM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03618464, version 1


Malo Herry. Verdir la société : les organisations environnementales nationales à la croisée des champs. Science politique. Université Rennes 1, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021REN1G005⟩. ⟨tel-03618464⟩



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