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Theses

Les faux médicaments : de la définition à la répression

Abstract : At least 700.000 deaths a year, more than malaria, 10% of fake medicines in the world, more than 30% in poor countries, 50% on the Internet… Falsified medicines trafficking is a growing public health tragedy that threatens people’s lives on every continent. All types of medicines are falsified, including antibiotics, essential medicines used to cure malaria, HIV, vaccines and medical devices. At best they fail to cure, in the worst case they kill. And their consequences on public health are dramatic : increased spreading of infectious diseases, rise in antibiotic resistance, loss of confidence in health professionals and scientific medicine…Fake medicines trafficking is a crime that strikes most heavily the poorest among patients. Africa is the continent worst affected, but South-East Asia, South America and now all countries in the world are exposed, in particular through the Internet. Organized crime groups are investing in this deadly market which is highly profitable with very little risk, as many countries lack the appropriate legislation to criminalize it. Since 2010, several international legal instruments have been created to fill this legislative gap and stop the criminals. But due to the lack of awareness and resources, especially in countries most affected, they remain underused. Taking advantage of globalization and new technologies, falsified medicines trafficking exploded. No country is entirely safe from falsified medicines anymore. For too long ignored or underestimated, it has taken an unprecedented scale and can only be fought effectively with the general mobilization of all stakeholders involved, in the political, police, customs, judicial, health and media sectors.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03615157
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Submitted on : Monday, March 21, 2022 - 12:34:08 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 23, 2022 - 3:33:50 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03615157, version 1

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Quentin Duteil. Les faux médicaments : de la définition à la répression. Sciences pharmaceutiques. Université Paris-Saclay, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021UPASQ049⟩. ⟨tel-03615157⟩

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