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Gouverner par les inégalités : la mise en œuvre d’une initiative d’excellence dans l’enseignement supérieur et la recherche

Abstract : While the production and reproduction of inequalities is often considered a perverse effect of public institutions, many so-called neo-managerial reforms today aim to govern the public sector by creating, deepening, or building on inequalities among professionals, organizations, or users. Higher education and research is one of the sectors at the forefront of these transformations of public action. In France, the launch of the ‘Initiatives of Excellence’ (Idex) policy is an emblematic illustration: by using calls for projects that put universities in competition with each other to create "world-class" institutions, this program concentrates resources on approximately ten universities and increases the competition between researchers, laboratories, and institutions. Using a longitudinal analysis of an Idex project, this thesis examines these new inegalitarian policies, questions the social and political conditions of their implementation, and takes the measure of the inequalities created on the scale of a university site.I demonstrate that through the Idex, the State governs through inequalities. However, this governing is only possible under certain conditions that strongly involve local dynamics and actors. I have also shown that this policy is based on organizational reform, in the sense that the administration of an Idex essentially amounts to putting in place rules, procedures, and structures in order to make universities more unequal. This policy governs the contours of excellence projects more than the conduct of researchers within them. Ultimately, the Initiatives of Excellence govern the perimeters and it is within and between these boundaries that inequalities are played out.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03575195
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 15, 2022 - 2:04:50 PM
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Audrey Harroche. Gouverner par les inégalités : la mise en œuvre d’une initiative d’excellence dans l’enseignement supérieur et la recherche. Sociologie. Institut d'études politiques de paris - Sciences Po, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021IEPP0022⟩. ⟨tel-03575195⟩

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