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Theses

Three essays on economic transformation and distributional changes in middle-income countries

Abstract : This thesis studies distributional and economic changes in middle-income countries. After reviewing the literature on the middle-income trap, the first essay proposes a straightforward identification and empirical investigation of the differentiating patterns of productive and distributive changes inside the trap. We find evidence of misallocation issues and adverse effect of redistribution on medium-run growth. The focus of the remaining chapters is then put on the middle-class. In the second essay, we estimate the impacts of the middle-class on growth through various channels including household consumption, investment, redistribution and productive transformation. The last essay takes a micro approach by analyzing absolute and intra-class mobility of the middle-class in Turkey between 2010 and 2013. The results suggest the existence of mechanisms of social reproduction and cumulative (dis)advantages that prevent some households from climbing up the ladder.
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Riana Ny Aina Razafimandimby Andrianjaka. Three essays on economic transformation and distributional changes in middle-income countries. Economics and Finance. Université de Bordeaux, 2019. English. ⟨NNT : 2019BORD0364⟩. ⟨tel-03567492⟩

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