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Évaluer l’économie sociale et solidaire : socioéconomie des conventions d’évaluation de l’ESS et du marché de l’évaluation d’impact social

Abstract : The social impact assessment has been an essential part of the social and solidarity economy (SSE) since the early 2010s. In this context, publications and initiatives aimed at providing "turnkey" guides and methods for social impact assessment are multiplying. In these guides, the technicality of the evaluation methods overlooks the debates on the origin of the notion and on the socio-political context explaining the pre-eminent place it has taken since the 2010s. Social impact assessment becomes a reified practice without which an organization cannot recognize its social utility and, more broadly, cannot claim to be SSE. This thesis takes a step away from this understanding by positing that social impact assessment is not self-evident and is embedded in a socio-political context and a set of institutions and representations of assessment. Using the framework of the economics of conventions, this thesis adopts an abductive approach combining a review of the multidisciplinary literature and two case studies. One of these cases is conducted on actors outside the SSE (evaluation consulting firms, business school research centers, engineering agencies) and the other focuses on a project bringing together network heads and federations representing the SSE. This approach permits to identify two ideal-typical conventions of evaluation : the "managerial convention" and the "deliberative convention". Both conventions find their origin in the socio-economic transformations at work in the SSE since the 1980s. Their different articulations give rise to a multitude of arrangements. These arrangements reflect the many possible variations of evaluation within the social impact evaluation market. Supported by an ecosystem of external actors and actors representing the SSE, the thesis identifies within this market a set of institutions, social networks, material devices and cultural meanings that make it possible to disseminate evaluation supply and demands, to promote the development of partnerships within the market, to qualify evaluation services, and to participate in the creation of an evaluation culture. In this regard, the thesis shows different devices supporting the structuring of the market while catalysing its expansion within the SSE.
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Submitted on : Friday, January 14, 2022 - 3:03:07 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, March 23, 2022 - 3:50:13 PM
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Marion Studer. Évaluer l’économie sociale et solidaire : socioéconomie des conventions d’évaluation de l’ESS et du marché de l’évaluation d’impact social. Economies et finances. Université de Lille, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021LILUA015⟩. ⟨tel-03526491⟩



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