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L’opposant à l’innovation organisationnelle dans les Ressources Humaines : pour une lecture renouvelée de la théorie des rôles

Abstract : With this exploratory research work, we have attempted to draw up the contours of the antagonist role. This opponent, like the champion, is intended to take its place in the ecosystem of roles and, by the same token, to renew the reading of the theory of roles.The framework of this definition of the antagonist is part of the implementation of innovation in organisations. While the question of innovation has been widely studied by economists and sociologists in its technological dimension, the work dealing with organisational innovation has not had the same echo. Similarly, few works study the actors of innovation, whereas innovation devices and systems have been widely studied.The Role Theory’s literature associated with innovation focuses mainly on the role of the champion and has done so since the 1960s. This literature highlights the decisive, strategic, and even heroic role of the champion. This research dissertation will make it possible to qualify this quasi-monopoly position of the champion in the literature by recalling that little by little the roles of the 'nonchampions' have been embodied. While the champion remains a predominant, complex role, we will provide a more nuanced vision by presenting the main related roles of Gatekeeper, Sponsor and Expert, and we will propose the outline of the role of the antagonist. The latter, on closer inspection, has long been present in the literature. He or she would be in the shadow of the champion, or even, some would say, as a counterpoint to the champion, if not an actor who defines himself or herself in the mirror of the champion.Proposing the addition of a new role means specifying its contours. This means focusing on understanding the emergence and personal characteristics of this new role, in other words: who is he or she? It also means understanding his or her mode of action in order to try to carry out the action. Finally, once the action has been carried out, what are the consequences of the opposition? This question can be understood on two levels. On the one hand, what consequences did the antagonist have on the innovative projects? And on the other hand, what impact did the holding of this role have on his or her career?
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 11, 2022 - 11:37:09 AM
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Sébastien Knockaert. L’opposant à l’innovation organisationnelle dans les Ressources Humaines : pour une lecture renouvelée de la théorie des rôles. Gestion et management. Université Paris-Est Créteil Val-de-Marne - Paris 12, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021PA120024⟩. ⟨tel-03520799⟩



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