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Nouvelles îles au trésor : postérité du roman de Louis Robert Stevenson dans l'univers de la bande dessinée

Abstract : When Robert-Louis Stevenson wrote Treasure Island in 1883, no one expected such success for the young writer's first completed novel. And yet, it paved the way for a generation of authors of adventure novels for whom Treasure Island represented the epitome of the genre. Today, Stevenson's novel is still a source of inspiration: since the start of the 20th century, comics have taken hold of it, taking over from adventure novels. Our corpus is extensive, composed of adaptations, but also of rewritings, sequels, quotations and covers, which encompass a great period of time and several continents. We will have to wonder about the reasons for such an enthusiasm, but also study how the transition from one media to another is made - facilitated by the close relationship between Stevenson's writing and the pictorial world - and how the tools used in comics (combination of text and drawing, shots and framing, onomatopoeias, colours, characters’ appearances) are at the service of the novel and the ideas it revolves around, in terms of story or writing, which was innovative : utilitarianism is refused, events are put at the core of the narrative, Manichaeism is rejected, and adventure is clearly described as deceptive. Above all, the hero's journey is not limited to a search for a material treasure: it is an initiatory quest which makes him grow. Our corpus allows us to measure the differences between comics which offer a simple account of Treasure Island without any real scope, seemingly oblivious of the novel’s stakes, and those which provide a real reinterpretation of Stevenson’s masterpiece and reveal themselves to be innovative in the genre of the Ninth art.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 11, 2022 - 2:19:33 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03517995, version 2

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Marie Enriquez. Nouvelles îles au trésor : postérité du roman de Louis Robert Stevenson dans l'univers de la bande dessinée. Littératures. Université d'Angers, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020ANGE0047⟩. ⟨tel-03517995v2⟩

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