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Espaces épistémiques numériques et rapport au savoir des é à l’heure de Wikipédia

Abstract : At a time when digital epistemic spaces represent a major information source, we explore whether these spaces, and Wikipedia in particular, determine or reveal an evolution in Art History and Archaeology students’ relationship to knowledge upon entering university. Following the ESCOL team’s work, which defines the relationship to knowledge as a “relationship to the world, to others and to oneself of a subject faced with a need to learn” (Charlot, 1997, p.33), we seek to examine the ways in which knowledge discovered online is accessed and utilised by students in their complex academic works, namely essays, dissertations and reports. Upon entering university, students develop autonomy as well as learning practices, and discover knowledge not only as a constituted object but also as an object under perpetual construction. Wikipedia is at the core of the present PhD research. Owing to its unique characteristics the encyclopaedia is noteworthy both in itself, and as a digital documentary source. Several studies confirm an empirical impression that the use of Wikipedia for course-related research is widespread, notwithstanding the fact that it is not regarded as a reliable, or even legitimate, source by the academia. How does one then acquire learning skills at a time when digital epistemic spaces multiply calling for a rethink of the relationship to knowledge, transmission of which remains the legitimate domain of university, represented by its lecturers? The present research combines quantitative and qualitative methodology to investigate the students’ relationship to Wikipedia and other digital documentary sources, which they are required to collect, evaluate and reinvest in their own academic works.
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Submitted on : Friday, January 7, 2022 - 8:31:05 PM
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Barbara Sémel. Espaces épistémiques numériques et rapport au savoir des é à l’heure de Wikipédia. Education. Université Lumière Lyon 2 - Université de Lyon - École doctorale : ED 485 -Éducation-Psychologie-Information et communication Laboratoire EA 4571 -ECP -Éducation, Cultures, Politiques, 2020. Français. ⟨tel-03517626⟩



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