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Le temps "agi" : rôle de l'action dans le développement des conduites temporelles

Abstract : Some temporal skills are innate, such as the ability to produce rhythmic movements, or the ability to learn a duration implicitly. However, the consciousness of time or explicit judgment of durations, acquires slowly during development. So the question that arises is: How do we do to acquire these abilities of temporal judgment? One of the hypotheses that can be formulated from the work carried out in the young child, is that we learn what time is by repeatedly experiencing its flow through the duration of our actions. Recent studies in imaging that have consistently shown an involvement of motor areas in the perception of durations, even in adults, argue in favor of the hypothesis of an important role of action in the construction of temporal judgments. This is why in our work we have conducted a series of studies to further explore the role of action in temporal activities and the evolution of this role across development. We examined the respective role of motor and cognitive function development on rhythmic performance, then tested the influence of sensorimotor learning versus visual learning of rhythms on different temporal, motor and perceptual tasks. Finally, we examined the influence of the tendency of action in a threatening situation, on the treatment of time intervals. Our work has confirmed the strong influence of motor skills on rhythmic performance, especially in children. In addition, we have shown that the action benefits children in temporal motor tasks as in temporal perceptive tasks, especially in young children. However, the action also benefits adults, but only when the task is difficult. Finally, the need to act quickly changes the treatment of time intervals. Thus, it seems that the action and the motor system play a very special role in the temporal treatments, notably by facilitating the learning of durations.
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Submitted on : Monday, January 3, 2022 - 12:06:08 PM
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2019CLFAL031_MONIER.pdf
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  • HAL Id : tel-03507581, version 1

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Florie Monier. Le temps "agi" : rôle de l'action dans le développement des conduites temporelles. Psychologie. Université Clermont Auvergne [2017-2020], 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019CLFAL031⟩. ⟨tel-03507581⟩

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Les métriques sont temporairement indisponibles