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Participatory practices and policies of slum rehabilitation in small cities : the case of Bhuj in north-west India

Abstract : This thesis studies the role of small cities in transforming slum policies in India. The aim is to examine the emergence of an owner driven model of slum rehabilitation in Bhuj, an Indian small city, capital of the Kacch district in the Gujarat state. This city was largely rebuilt after a severe earthquake in 2001. The thesis analyzes the implementation of a pilot project in Bhuj within the framework of the national policies for "Slum-free Cities" and seeks to understand how the planning and management system underlying the model are responding to the specific conditions of slums located in small cities, which are rarely studied. The research is based on several sources and methodologies: on the one hand, semi-structured interviews with the inhabitants, NGOs, builders, local government officials and political and economic actors, on the other hand, the analysis of project documents and development processes in the city and its slums. The research shows how the slums in Bhuj have been at stake since post-earthquake reconstruction. The engagement of a local elite mobilizing slum dwellers to adapt national policies to the context of small cities is linked to the recent globalization of the region. However, far from appealing to outside investors, this policymaking process highlights the influence of the ideas of co-production, sustainable and progressive urban development and respect of the regional identity. The partial success of the pilot project prevented to scale-up the model. Shortcomings emerged in the management system and diverging interests among stakeholders have hindered the central role of the inhabitants in slum redevelopment.
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Submitted on : Friday, December 3, 2021 - 5:53:08 PM
Last modification on : Monday, December 6, 2021 - 5:09:09 PM


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Francesco Bogoni. Participatory practices and policies of slum rehabilitation in small cities : the case of Bhuj in north-west India. Architecture, space management. Université de Paris, 2021. English. ⟨NNT : 2021UNIP7012⟩. ⟨tel-03465512⟩



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