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Ni ménagères, ni courtisanes : les femmes de lettres dans la presse anarchiste française (1885-1905)

Abstract : This thesis explores women’s textual production published in French anarchist press between 1885 and 1905. From a gender perspective, we examine the writings of women that have circulated in propaganda and literary journals influenced by anarchist ideas. Our demonstration is divided in three main parts, each comprising of two chapters, which follow a chronological order. In the first part, we retrace the gradual entry of women into propaganda newspapers at the end of the 1880’s. The first chapter studies the emergence of the anarchist movement and the militant activities that were organized by women. The second chapter examines the beginnings of women’s journalistic activity in anarchist newspapers. Louise Michel is an active contributor to these newspapers in which she publishes serial novels, tales and short stories. Several women also take the epistolary route to build their public image as activists. The second part of the thesis investigates women’s writings that were mostly published in French anarchist press between 1892 and 1896. The third chapter follows the writing practices adopted by women to shape an imaginary of action that is linked to the anarchist discourses on violence. Women use different strategies to appropriate a topic from which they should have been discarded in terms of gender stereotypes. In the fourth chapter, we look at the intimate testimonies and autobiographical writings in which they evoke their unique experiences of anarchism. The third part of the thesis focuses on the beginning of the twentieth century, when women try to take their place as intellectuals in anarchist press. In the fifth chapter, we look at the literary genders of criticism and literary history, as practiced by women in different publications. The final chapter examines women’s journalistic intervention in social surveys, which constitute a microcosm of anarchist practices and discourses. It ends with a study of the controversy surrounding feminism, which arose in Le Libertaire in 1904.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 26, 2021 - 11:38:20 AM
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Marie-Pier Tardif. Ni ménagères, ni courtisanes : les femmes de lettres dans la presse anarchiste française (1885-1905). Linguistique. Université de Lyon; Université du Québec à Montréal, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021LYSE2036⟩. ⟨tel-03450965⟩



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