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Theses

La profession anthropoéquine : une identité marquée par une communauté socialisatrice de travail interspécifique

Abstract : Domestication is a several millennia-old process that marks the mutual desire of animals and humans to build and share a common world. This socialisation is a part of common destiny that is visible through the product of work. Work stems from both historical meaning and the durability of domestication relationships. Mutual commitments between humans and animals are based on a relational rationality that constitutes the very essence of work, because working means producing, but also and above all it means living together and make society. Today, occupations involving humans and horses are confronted with various external and internal risks, the most prominent of which is the rise of animalistic ideology that advocates for ending working relationship between humans and animals. Because of significant internal dissesions, the equine sector is currently unable to cope with the societal criticisms that undermine its legitimacy and question the durability of living and working relationships with horses. To understand and respond to these issues, the doctoral research presented poses the hypothesis that there is a single anthropo-equine profession whose identity is marked by the ability of two species to form a dual entity of workers who thus build a socialising community that allows them to work together. In order to work on this hypothesis, surveys were carried out with one hundred and eight professionals from the major fields of the equine sector. The corpus collected was studied using IRaMuTeQ, a software for statistical analysis of textual data. The aim was to uncover and examine the professionals' representations of the various modalities of horse work and anthropo-equine working relationships. The results emphasize a proeminent role of the passion for horses in the professional conversion. Respondents acknowledge a subjective engagement of horses in work and ascribe professional qualities and skills to them. The results show a moral tension between the primary rationality of affection for horses and the secondary rationality of economic contingencies. Finally, the results underline a reciprocal sharing between humans and horses of suffering but also of pleasure at work. These results, fall within the theoretical frameworks of human-animal work relations sociology, of the psychodynamics of work, of the clinical sociology of work and of the sociology of professional groups, highlight the existence of an anthropo-equine profession whose categorical identity is built by an interspecific sociability that allows humans and horses to work together. This doctoral research offers disciplinary perspectives as it brings animals into several fields of the humanities and social sciences. Several practical perspectives emerge from this work bu providing reflexive foundations that invite professionals to overcome their internal dissensions in order to establish a common mandate for the entire equine sector.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 16, 2021 - 4:02:11 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-03431331, version 1

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Vanina Deneux-Le Barh. La profession anthropoéquine : une identité marquée par une communauté socialisatrice de travail interspécifique. Sociologie. Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021MON30016⟩. ⟨tel-03431331⟩

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