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Theses

Les résidences aristocratiques dans le Comtat Venaissin (XIVe-XVe siècle)

Abstract : The aristocratic residences of the Comtat Venaissin are important markers of social pre-eminence, yet they remain difficult to understand. In order to shed light on the subject, we have placed these residences at the very centre of our thesis. The aim of this thesis is therefore to identify these residences and to study their characteristics. To conduct this research, we studied the consequences of countal and then papal anchorage on the organisation of seigneuries, the establishment of new lineages and the renewal of the local aristocracy. More specifically, this thesis illuminates the changes in the habitat in relation to the residential choices of the great seigniorial families in a context of insecurity and war between 1350 and 1450, followed by an economic recovery from the second half of the 15th century. Taking into account the local context throughout these two centuries makes it possible to determine how residential choices contributed to the development of an aristocratic way of life. Residences are seen as the expression of an identity, a way of life and an attachment to a particular place. They are also approached in terms of their multiple architectural forms. The initial reflection on their typologies (tower, tower-house, hall-house, house, manor, castle) is also completed by the study of their materiality. The categories of materials used in the constructions, the decorations and the furnishings are thus analysed. In this thesis, an inventory of 100 aristocratic residences in the Comtadine region has been compiled to provide an in-depth knowledge of the residential practices of the aristocracy in the period under scrutiny. This inventory lists, describes and analyses data from texts, iconographic documents, archaeological interventions and our own observations on the field. The process of comparing and contrasting these data has made it possible to understand the changes in the status, form and use of aristocratic residences between the 14th and 15th centuries.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 17, 2021 - 9:23:42 AM
Last modification on : Monday, November 29, 2021 - 5:07:11 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03430572, version 2

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Coline Polo. Les résidences aristocratiques dans le Comtat Venaissin (XIVe-XVe siècle). Histoire. Université d'Avignon, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021AVIG1208⟩. ⟨tel-03430572v2⟩

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