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Se loger dans un quartier tremplin : trajectoires et stratégies résidentielles des familles immigrantes à Parc-Extension et Saint-Michel, Montréal

Abstract : This doctoral research aims to analyze the residential strategies and trajectories of immigrant families with children in the light of housing policies and the restructuring of local housing markets in two immigrant neighborhoods of Montreal. The comparative study territories are two inner suburbs of Montreal in transformation. Transitional spaces between the pre-war and post-war city, characterized by a majority population of low-income immigrant tenants, Saint-Michel and Parc-Extension are often described by urban social researchers as "transitional neighborhoods" that are supposed to foster the social and/or spatial mobility of newcomers. While they have long served as simple transit points, many immigrant families are now settling there in a more lasting way. However, since the late 1990s, new urban development plans at the metropolitan level and urban planning policies at a more local level have started to affect the structure of the housing stock and the social stratification in these two neighborhoods. Based on a combination of several qualitative survey techniques, this thesis work is part of a participatory and committed research approach. The sixty semi-structured interviews conducted with immigrant families living in social housing or waiting for social housing in the two neighborhoods form the basis for the analysis of residential trajectories and strategies. The idea is to restore a certain degree of agency to households by emphasizing their intentionality in the search for and successive choices of housing while showing how these choices are also conditioned by their social, spatial and economic resources, as well as by their specific identity, particularly as immigrants and parents. The objective is also to identify the place of transitional neighborhoods and social housing within the residential trajectories of these families. The thirty semi-directive interviews conducted with professionals, social landlords, employees of community organizations, elected officials and urban planners were used to identify the social and spatial structures, which prevail over these immigrant families and influence their residential choices. The idea is to take into account the effects of changes in the supply and demand for affordable housing on the residential trajectories of these households in the two neighborhoods. Finally, participant observation, carried out as a volunteer within a community organization in each of the study neighborhoods, helps to make the link between the housing policies implemented at various administrative levels and the tenants' claims in response to urban transformations in the two neighborhoods. With this research, the objective is to present in a new light the links between residential and migratory dynamics of immigrant families at an individual level and dynamics of the rental housing market at the city and neighborhood levels. This work aims to open up new research perspectives on urban restructuring and residential mobility in the transitional neighborhoods of major Canadian cities.
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Chloé Reiser. Se loger dans un quartier tremplin : trajectoires et stratégies résidentielles des familles immigrantes à Parc-Extension et Saint-Michel, Montréal. Histoire. Université Paris Cité; Université de Montréal, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021UNIP7006⟩. ⟨tel-03428835⟩

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