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Approche géographique comparée du démantèlement des seuils et des barrages sur les deux rives de l'Atlantique : projet écologique, politiques publiques et riverains (Sélune, Orne, Musconetcong, Wood-Pawcatuck, Mousam)

Abstract : The thesis aims to identify the factors of conflict surrounding dam removal operations carried out in order to restore the ecological continuity of watercourses. To date, little work has been done to question the place reserved for local residents in the implementation of these operations. This thesis, which is part of the field of environmental geography and political ecology, involves a comparison between different sites located in Normandy and on the east coast of the United States. Combining semi-directive interviews with project managers and riverside people and a questionnaire survey of the local residents, the methodological approach reflects the diversity of views on these projects. The comparison highlights coalitions of actors structured around a common discourse on the removal of dams in the two regions studied, despite contrasting institutional contexts. Observation of the practices of actors in both countries leads to the observation that the public is being kept at a distance. The survey of residents shows that they are perplexed by the consultation mechanisms put in place. The conflicts studied in both countries are then analysed as an expression of aspirations for more democratic processes. Finally, the study illustrates the restriction of ambitions around the ecological dimension alone. Neverthelss, the American context is more favourable to addressing other issues thanks to the local anchoring of watershed associations managing projects. However, dam removal projects represent opportunities for the construction of ecological projects that integrate social and territorial dimensions.
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Ludovic Drapier. Approche géographique comparée du démantèlement des seuils et des barrages sur les deux rives de l'Atlantique : projet écologique, politiques publiques et riverains (Sélune, Orne, Musconetcong, Wood-Pawcatuck, Mousam). Géographie. Université Paris-Est, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PESC0069⟩. ⟨tel-03427046⟩

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