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Accompagnement de la résilience familiale dans un contexte de violence politique au Liban : résilience de l’enfant ou de l’écosystème ?

Abstract : This research questions a support system for resilience, offered to ten families whose children have academic and behavioral disorders linked to the context of socio-political instability in Lebanon. Our clinical approach is an integrative and systemic action research that spanned over three years, in a school in the eastern suburbs of Beirut. The perimeter brings together the following five actors: the student, the parents, the institution, the class, and the multidisciplinary therapeutic team. Each actor is the subject of an operational hypothesis. Our field experiment was equipped with clinical and academic tools to assess the effectiveness of the program with the student. The results of the tests made it possible to specify and analyze the levers and obstacles to support, leading to a readjustment of the action plan.The main results show that the whole protocol increases student resilience and that each actor contributes at different times with varying valence. To respond to the complexity of the relationships at play, support for resilience involves a multimodal device with a transversal therapeutic intervention. We have found that the type of parental attachment influences a child's ability to benefit from the help offered, and that all actors need to feel secure in order to embrace the changes. The study also reveals that the caring contribution of teachers and peers is essential in motivating the student to participate in the program. In addition, the quality of listening and countertransference shown by the team of the psychoeducational department is the keystone of the therapeutic alliance with each of the stakeholders.However, the impact of the context of chronic political violence results in a number of dysfunctions at each level of the ecosystem that are difficult to compensate for. This leads us to reconsider the Bronfenbrenner layer system. Repeated episodes completely destabilize the macrosystem and, over the long term, disrupt all the work that has been done in the child's mesosystem. It would be futile to believe that the intermediate layers of the model provide sufficient protection for a perennial neodevelopment. Therefore, resilience under an arbitrary State still remains to be theoretically deepened
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Maylis Dijoux. Accompagnement de la résilience familiale dans un contexte de violence politique au Liban : résilience de l’enfant ou de l’écosystème ?. Psychologie. Université de Lyon, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020LYSE2094⟩. ⟨tel-03426281⟩

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