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Rendre explicite une présence invisible : vers un atlas mondial des territoires autochtones

Abstract : Mapping is an active and predominant activity in the struggle of indigenous peoples to secure their territories. Through their reappropriation of a tool historically used to inviziblize and dispossess them, indigenous peoples are reaffirming their existence visually on the map to assert their land rights. While such countermapping initiatives are quickly multiplying across the world, a global perspective on indigenous land claims and the major issues of their formal recognition is still lacking. This PhD thesis aims to fill this gap through the establishment of Land- Mark (www.landmarkmap.org), the first global geographic observatory of indigenous territories and of which the author has been an active member from the outset. This approach involves responding to a set of scientific and political challenges as well as a set of related questions : where are the world’s indigenous peoples ? What rights are they claiming ? Over what spaces ? How and to what extent have the transnational movement of which they are part achieved local recognition of their land rights ? What issues are raised by their new use of maps and the aggregation of their data into a centralized global database ?This thesis will also take stock of the data collected on LandMark and it will analyze their contributions to monitoring the implementation of international rights of indigenous peoples towards better understanding of ongoing dynamics within their territories. It will assess LandMark’s capacity to offer scientific support to the political claims of these peoples, and more particularly by highlighting the ecosystem services provided by their territories and by preventing land grabs.
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Submitted on : Friday, November 12, 2021 - 10:26:12 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 8, 2022 - 10:04:04 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, February 13, 2022 - 6:38:28 PM


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Fabrice Dubertret. Rendre explicite une présence invisible : vers un atlas mondial des territoires autochtones. Géographie. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020PA030081⟩. ⟨tel-03426280⟩



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