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L'enseignement de la littérature en Europe : quels lecteurs forme-t-on pour quelle société? Enquête sur les prescriptions et les pratiques dans quatre lycées français et espagnols à l'étranger

Abstract : Given the responsibility that is described at a curricular level to the first language class, this research questions the capacity of French and Spanish school subjects to form critical citizens at the end of schooling. Aiming in particular at analysing the reading of literature as the centre of activities that are supposed to give students a capacity for analysis of the world that surrounds them and an active participation in society. This study is based on an ethnographic survey carried out in four French and Spanish schools abroad in three European countries (Spain, France and Portugal) which combines comprehensive interviews, class observations and collection of teaching materials. It first examines the political and institutional framework of this school subject: from educational prescriptions at European level to the curricula of the two countries; and compares this framework to the experience of teachers and learners with literary texts within the classroom. To this end, in addition to the examination of the institutional and didactic texts and the historical analysis of the different conceptions of what literary teaching in secondary education should be, the analysis of the testimonies of several learners and teachers is also carried out. Their words allow a problematisation of the most fashionable didactic notion at the time of the writing of this thesis, the notion of "sujet lecteur". By sifting through the stakeholders’ speech in the thoughts of an early 20th century pedagogue, John Dewey, whose key element in his educational theories was the artistic experience, this research proposes a new perspective for a more democratic didactics of languages and literatures adapted to the discursive needs of the 21st century: namely, to conceive of reading as an intimate experience of socialisation.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 10, 2021 - 5:09:49 PM
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Carla Campos Cascales. L'enseignement de la littérature en Europe : quels lecteurs forme-t-on pour quelle société? Enquête sur les prescriptions et les pratiques dans quatre lycées français et espagnols à l'étranger. Education. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020PA030071⟩. ⟨tel-03425205⟩

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