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Le néolithique moyen dans le sud-est de Taïwan : approche technologique des assemblages céramiques de Chaolaiqiao et de Fushan

Abstract : In Taiwan, corded ware is attested throughout the Early and Middle Neolithic, from 6000 BP to 4000 BP, raising the question of the uniformity of corded ware at the same times in different regions of Taiwan. This uniformity would be the result of migrations or interactions between communities. The southeastern region of Taiwan had so far been little studied and little integrated into the debates on the communities constituting the Middle Neolithic. In this thesis, we address the question of Middle Neolithic communities in Southeast Taiwan and their interactions. The ambition is to characterize the Middle Neolithic of this region from the pottery traditions and their evolution. For this purpose, we have conducted a technological study of the ceramic assemblages of the Dulan Bay, Chaolaiqiao and Fushan sites. The Chaolaiqiao site was excavated in order to obtain detailed chronological data. The ceramic assemblages were studied according to the technological approach. A comparative study was then carried out on the assemblages from the Fushan site, whose occupation is slightly later than that of Chaolaiqiao. The results obtained reveal the same tradition shared between the two sites. It is characterized by roughing out by modelling and preforming by impressed beating, as well as by a range of vessels divided between impressed and non-impressed ceramics. The sharing of the same tradition between the two sites bears witness to the same population. Furthermore, the proportions of impressed ceramics and the types of vessels make it possible to define three successive stages during the Middle Neolithic, given that Chaolaiqiao and Fushan correspond to successive periods of occupation. The evolution is continuous, without any break between the beginning and the end of the Middle Neolithic. A comparison with ceramic assemblages from three major sites in southeast Taiwan, Peinan, Kenting and Donghebei, has allowed us to extend our hypotheses to the entire region. Technological analysis of the ceramic assemblages shows that the same pottery traditions were practiced by the different Middle Neolithic communities of Southeast Taiwan. This common practice indicates a common way of doing things transmitted within the groups, and therefore the same population. Moreover, the continuous evolution observed in Dulan Bay is attested to at the other sites. The different dates of occupation of the sites and their duration suggest an expansion of the original population in small groups throughout southeast Taiwan with Kenting in the south and Donghepei in the north. Strong links thus bind all the Middle Neolithic sites in southeast Taiwan, which can now be said to belong to the same cultural ensemble.
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  • HAL Id : tel-03414942, version 1

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I-Lin Wu. Le néolithique moyen dans le sud-est de Taïwan : approche technologique des assemblages céramiques de Chaolaiqiao et de Fushan. Histoire, Philosophie et Sociologie des sciences. Université de Nanterre - Paris X, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021PA100043⟩. ⟨tel-03414942⟩

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