Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Theses

L'Envers du voyage. Construction et déconstruction d’un discours du voyage dans quelques textes indianocéaniques de J. Conrad, J.M. Coetzee et J.M.G. Le Clézio

Abstract : Writing a travel is not a harmless gesture, bereft of any political implications — especially in the Indian Ocean world. The history of Indianoceanic travels is one of commercial routes between Asia, Middle East, and East Africa; a history of silk trade, coal trade, sugar and spice trade, slave trade, labor trade. When Europeans arrived, it became a history of colonization, of conquest, cultural domination, of capitalism and imperialism. Travel (to and from Europe, between the trading posts) became the one lens to see the Indian Ocean through. But can travel writing tell the Indian Ocean as a home for its inhabitants, and not only as a paradise or anti-paradise? Can it tell the all the travel stories the Indian Ocean world is made of? Indeed, writing is a claim of power; it requires a legitimized, authorized voice in what Foucault calls the order of discourse. In Conrad’s Lord Jim same as in Le Clézio’s La Quarantaine, it is not the Muslim pilgrims travelling to Mecca nor the indentured labourers coming from India who tell the story: it’s the White European men. Thus, writing travel is claiming power and domination over space and history. Based on works by Foucault, Pratt, Debaene and Marimoutou among others, my hypothesis is that the history, memory, and intertextuality of travel writing in the Indian Ocean have built a discourse of travel: a discursive system designed to tell the space of travel as Empire, the journey as a conquest and the traveler as a colonizer. My research aims to both enlighten how this discourse structures the works of Conrad, Coetzee and Le Clézio, and what it does not / cannot say: the dark side of this discourse. Because travel writing also is a quest for otherness and estrangement, which is the exact opposite of imperialism, two conflictual forces are working against each other in travel writing. This struggle is omnipresent in Lord Jim, Life and Times of Michael K, La Quarantaine et Voyage à Rodrigues and takes multiple forms to question the very possibility of telling travel stories.
Document type :
Theses
Complete list of metadata

https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03375734
Contributor : Abes Star :  Contact Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, October 13, 2021 - 8:57:10 AM
Last modification on : Friday, October 15, 2021 - 3:36:07 AM

File

2021LARE0010_C_DO_HUU.pdf
Version validated by the jury (STAR)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : tel-03375734, version 1

Citation

Cécile Do Huu. L'Envers du voyage. Construction et déconstruction d’un discours du voyage dans quelques textes indianocéaniques de J. Conrad, J.M. Coetzee et J.M.G. Le Clézio. Littératures. Université de la Réunion, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021LARE0010⟩. ⟨tel-03375734⟩

Share

Metrics

Record views

42

Files downloads

8