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La poésie en décalé : innovation, déplacement de traditions poétiques et naissance de nouveaux genres chez Philippe de Rémi, seigneur de Beaumanoir

Abstract : Philippe de Rémi, lord of Beaumanoir (around 1210 - 1265) is, with Adam de la Halle, one of the most innovative poets of northern France of the thirteenth century. If his two huge novels (Manekine, Jehan and Blonde) of some 16,000 verses have been published several times and widely commented, his contribution to the poetic literature, yet fundamental, remains largely unexplored. Philippe, however, was an inventor: his "little pieces" - as the first editors call them - are placed in the manuscript between the two novels and a third one, the Roman du Hem (by an unknown author), which, like bookends, enshrine eight poems of various poetic genres. These poems each testify to the author's taste for the exploration of the limits: beyond renewing certain lyrical forms (« salut d’amour », lyric song, fabliau, allegorical tale), he can also claim the paternity of the poetry of the non-sens in vernacular language; his « fatras » and « resveries », published but detached from the rest of his lyric production, have especially caught the attention of the moderns, since their partial edition and translation by Georges Bataille. The poetic corpus which our thesis proposes to study consists of eight pieces: Salus d’Amours, Conte d’Amours, Conte de fole larguesce, Oiseuses, Lai d’Amours, Ave Maria, Fatrasies, Salus à refrains. It is characterized by a very exceptional diversity of genres and forms: beyond two very different love greetings, it contains a courteous tale, a fairy-tale, a purely courtly love poem, a Marian prayer, a piece of relative nonsense, and a second of absolute nonsense. The sequence of these poems within the manuscript reveals a real logic of compilation, testifying to the incontestable intention of assembling of the sponsor of the manuscript, who was probably linked to the Rémi by family and professional links. The sequence of Philippe's poems in the manuscript Paris, BnF. fr. 1588 is far from being a simple end-to-end implementation of disparate works: the pieces follow one another in accordance with their generic, semantic and formal interferences. The poetic collection thus born is characterized by diversity as well as by games of proximity: while the two novels find their echo in the duplication of the « salut d’amour », the other pieces are linked by multiple formal and semantic links which generate polyphony effects.
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Anna Arató. La poésie en décalé : innovation, déplacement de traditions poétiques et naissance de nouveaux genres chez Philippe de Rémi, seigneur de Beaumanoir. Littératures. Université Paris sciences et lettres; Debreceni egyetem (Debrecen, Hongrie), 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019PSLEE074⟩. ⟨tel-03366728⟩

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