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Mobilité du phosphore sédimentaire en contexte de retenues de barrage hydroélectrique

Abstract : Internal sedimentary phosphorus (P) load cause delay time in eutrophication recovery, especially in dam-reservoir systems where P stock are important. Then, the study of sedimentary P mobility in dam-reservoirs allow to better explain P geochemistry in this context and further to adapt management restauration policies. This study highlights the impact of three cascade dams (Age Complex, Creuse, France) on the distribution of sedimentary P along a fluvial continuum. In the impoundments studied, TP levels averaged 1.59 ± 0.51 mgP /g DW and increased towards dams. This contrast with the low and constant concentrations observed in the fluvial parts. In reservoirs, chemical fractionation showed that more than 50% of the extracted P was associated with the ascorbate fraction. The association of P to amorphous Fe oxi-hydroxides in the fine particles accumulated closed to the dam is the major factor explaining the longitudinal variations of the TP contents. In addition, the high levels of P associated with these redox-sensitive phases and the development of a hypoxic hypolimnion in studied reservoirs reveal the high potential for sediment P mobilization. Moreover, in aerobic conditions, a risk of mobilization resulting from an equilibrium concentration between solute and solid fraction exists. The determination of the EPC0 threshold value underlined the spatial evolution of the sink / source role of the sediment with respect to the P, between the reservoirs of the same complex. Finally, the study of sedimentary P mobility in the laboratory, following two successive aerobic and anaerobic cycles, showed that redox potential oscillation observed in the reservoirs, favors the mobilization of the sedimentary P. The geochemistry of iron and the quality of dissolved organic matter appear to be involved in the mobility of P.
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Anne Rapin. Mobilité du phosphore sédimentaire en contexte de retenues de barrage hydroélectrique. Sciences de la Terre. Université de Limoges, 2017. Français. ⟨NNT : 2017LIMO0097⟩. ⟨tel-03349190⟩

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