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Les mutations du genre dans l'action sociale : La mise en place du concept du 'couple éducatif', sa logique et son évolution au sein de la Protection de l'enfance

Abstract : This thesis examines the transformation of gender within the field of social work by addressing the changing history of the « educational couple » in child welfare. The analysis of this empirical study, based on an egalitarian defence of interactive (Goffman, 2002) gender identities within education, is structured around semi-directed interviews with the pioneers of social work and with special-needs practitioners in child welfare working in gender-balanced contexts, and around close analysis of final dissertations produced by special-needs educators at Buc-Ressources from 1968 to 2005. This PhD thesis shows the contribution of gendered socialisation in child welfare programmes. Following the 1945 rulings and the innovative techniques of the Coteau de Vitry Institute (Amado, 1961), the educational couple was a school of thought emerging from pioneering co-educational practice of male and female educators implemented through the establishment of co-ed support in child-protection boarding schools. Originally based on the social model of the nuclear family (Castoriadis, 1975), professionals of both sexes went on to participate in a social construction of reality (Berger, Luckmann, 2018) with the aim of socializing children who lacked social reference points in a more positive form of male and female identification and a possible and peaceful balance between these gender identities. Gradually from the beginning of the 1970s this practice disappeared, replaced by a focus on gender difference, inscribed in a vision of modernity (Gauchet, 1985) and in contemporary individualism (Lipovetsky, 2009). This thesis shows the evolution and changes in gender as a category in social work by giving voice to the educational practitioners involved. Rooted in an inclusive and egalitarian approach, situated in the gender-balanced contexts of the everyday care of children placed in special-needs boarding institutions, the concept of the educational couple fell into disuse and began to indicate a form of gender trouble (Butler, 2006) within the educational practices of special-needs educators. While emphasizing the past and present benefits for children placed within gender-balanced care contexts, aiming to socialize children who lack social reference points in relation to gender and identity, this thesis affirms the egalitarian, individualistic, and modern dimension to the evolution of social work.
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Mikaël Quilliou. Les mutations du genre dans l'action sociale : La mise en place du concept du 'couple éducatif', sa logique et son évolution au sein de la Protection de l'enfance. Sociologie. HESAM Université, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021HESAC003⟩. ⟨tel-03340193⟩

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