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La fabrique des services urbains : vers une approche expérimentale, collaborative et distribuée de l'innovation urbaine : les Urban Living Labs, nouveaux intermédiaires territorialisés de la plateformisation de la ville..

Abstract : The emergence of new innovative urban services created by heterogeneous actors is accelerating. This development is fuelled by the pervasive development of digital technologies and their uses. The extent of this trend is encouraging local authorities to position themselves in relation to these new services and actors, whose timing of implementation and practices are shaking up public strategies for supporting urban innovation and territorial development. In this context, new sociotechnical systems - Urban Living Labs - are emerging and positioning themselves as intermediaries in the processes of collaborative experiments addressing urban issues. I have questioned the role of these sociotechnical systems and the experiments they support in the production of new urban services. To address this issue, I have adopted an approach rooted in urban geography, which mobilises the theory of urban assemblage. Within this framework, I defend the following theory: Urban Living Labs catalyse the experimental turn of innovation in the development of new urban services. It also participates in bringing the dynamics of urban innovation into line with the strategic orientations of local public actors. Using a methodological approach based on a comparison of five case studies located in European regional or national capital cities, I have shown how the emergence of these sociotechnical systems is contributing to a change in the regulatory posture of local public actors in the development of new urban services, which is part of a wider dynamic of plateformisation of cities consistent with locally prioritized strategic orientations. In this perspective, I have demonstrated that ULLs participate in the constitution of 'third territories' as new resources for innovative actors. These resources feed the articulation between the logics of territorialization and deterritorialization of innovations in urban systems. Finally, this research highlights the contribution of these sociotechnical systems to the emergence of 'urban innovative regimes' which support local dynamics of collaborative innovation around urban issues in a more sustainable way.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 8, 2021 - 12:29:11 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 9, 2021 - 3:28:24 AM

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Florence Orillard. La fabrique des services urbains : vers une approche expérimentale, collaborative et distribuée de l'innovation urbaine : les Urban Living Labs, nouveaux intermédiaires territorialisés de la plateformisation de la ville... Géographie. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021TOU20029⟩. ⟨tel-03337943⟩

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