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Capture de l'attention par les expressions faciales émotionnelles : nouveaux arguments expérimentaux en faveur de l'hypothèse de conditionnalité

Abstract : Attentional selection of emotional information has long been considered automatic and unconditional because of its importance for the well-being and survival of the observer. However, this automaticity has been questioned in recent years. Appraisal theories of emotion, and more particularly the Component Process Model (CPM), suggest that a particular factor would be central to the modulation of this selection: the relevance of emotional information to the observer's concerns. By specifically studying the influence of this relevance on attentional capture by faces expressing fear or anger in cueing tasks, our work provides arguments in favour of the conditional hypothesis of emotional attention. It indicates that attentional capture by an emotional face is conditional on its relevance to the top-down search goals of a task (Chapter 2), as well as its social relevance (Chapter 3) in relation to the social characteristics of emotional information itself (e.g. the social category of the face) and those related to the observer (e.g. his attitudes towards different social groups, his socioeconomic status). Our results nourish an integrated approach to cognition. They contribute to transcending traditional boundaries in the study of cognitive mechanisms, showing the influence of social factors in the very early stages of selective attention
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Quentin Victeur. Capture de l'attention par les expressions faciales émotionnelles : nouveaux arguments expérimentaux en faveur de l'hypothèse de conditionnalité. Psychologie. Université Clermont Auvergne, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019CLFAL026⟩. ⟨tel-03337895⟩

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