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Les syntagmes nominaux polydéfinis en romani d'Albanie.

Abstract : This dissertation is devoted to the study of nominal phrases with an articulated attributive adjective in Albanian Romani. This is the use of an “adjectival” definite article in the nominal phrase, recalling the polydefinite NPs or Determiner Spreading in Greek. It corresponds to the syntactic pattern kind of multiple determination in the typology of Alexiadou (2014), and to the type 1 languages in the typology of Lekakou and Szendrői (2012). It probably goes back to Early Romani, which means that all current Romani varieties once had it. It arises from contact with Greek through pattern replication (Matras 2009). In two fieldworks I conducted in Korça in 2013 and 2014, I collected a corpus of spontaneous and semi-spontaneous speech to combine qualitative and quantitative analysis. The structure is mainly used with predicative, restrictive and intersective adjectives, new in the information structure and postponed to the noun. The “nominal” determiner is the definite article, the possessive or demonstrative; the “adjectival” determiner is the definite article with the function of focalisation operator. The results show that polydefinite phrases are subject to “preferential constraints” (Thuilier 2012). The adjectival subpart of the phrase is an “indirect modification” (Cinque 2010) and the postnominal slot is a “post-zone” (Nølke 2001). Since it is the locus of internal focus, it has several functions: restrictive identification of the referent, contrast, emphasis, synthesis, topic-shift, nickname creation and “romanisation” of loanwords. The polydefinite phrases and the adjectival place undergo dialectal, diachronic, diagenic and diaphasic variation in Albanian Romani. I have observed that a change in the nominal constituent order has taken place or is ongoing. The inherited word order is D A N, while the new word order is D N A. The word order D N D A is an intermediate form and was used as a bridge from one to the other, as it is an ancient structure but with postposed adjective. For Albanian Romani we demonstrate that adjective postposition has become predominant for all nominal phrases.
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Aurore Tirard. Les syntagmes nominaux polydéfinis en romani d'Albanie.. Linguistique. Université Clermont Auvergne [2017-2020], 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019CLFAL019⟩. ⟨tel-03336228⟩



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