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À la lisière du vote. Socio-histoire de l’institution électorale dans le Sénégal colonial (années 1840-1960)

Abstract : .Based on a collection of archives and interviews, this thesis proposes to renew the history of the electoralof the electoral institution in Senegal during the colonial period. This work affirms the doublethe need to historicize the phenomena of international circulation and extraversion ofof the norms and devices of voting, and to widen the geographical horizon of the socio-history ofhistory of the vote in order to move towards a more polycentric history. Revisiting the Senegalese case, which embodies thethe triumphant model of the diffusion of electoral practices from a European center, encourages us to questionthe universalization of the individual-majority and secret vote, which would be automatically that of athat of a progressive victory. By detaching ourselves from the most obvious conceptions of the vote andand by analyzing the categories produced in the colonial context, we bring to light practiceshitherto neglected or considered in a compartmentalized manner: elections conducted by the military duringof the conquest from vernacular elective forms, local practices of devolution of power, devices ofof participation and deliberation born of administrative practice, elections in the chieftainciesin the chieftaincies, seditious elections, etc. Only by taking into account this plurality of practices andof practices and procedures makes it possible to understand the form taken by the electoral institution in thecountry and its consolidation. This, without limiting ourselves to an inventory, but by passing from the study ofthe act of voting to that of a space of practices. We thus defend the necessity of a relational approach, capable of showing that therelational approach, capable of showing that the institutionalization of the vote was first played out at itsborders. By situating ourselves successively on the scale of colonial society and as close as possible toactivities, we show the reciprocal influences that exist between the practices and the forms ofof competition, differentiation and requalification at work. Surveying the history ofthe history of voting in Senegal allows us to question more broadly the temporalities and rhythms of theof the history of the electoral institution and thus to propose a less linear account of it.Translated with www.DeepL.com/Translator (free version)
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Juliette Ruaud. À la lisière du vote. Socio-histoire de l’institution électorale dans le Sénégal colonial (années 1840-1960). Science politique. Université de Bordeaux; Université Laval (Québec, Canada), 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021BORD0122⟩. ⟨tel-03331647⟩

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