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Analyse de l'activité de soignants médicaux et paramédicaux sur simulateur haute-fidélité lors de simulations d'urgence, en vue de la conception d'un environnement de soins ergonomique

Abstract : Given the growing complexity of work systems, a methodological lack is identified, particularly for the analysis of loosely coupled and intractable systems. Within these systems, where humans, machines and the environment are constantly interacting, the maintenance of the safety and performance requirements is essentially based on the operators' ability to manage of the all available degrees of freedom and to adapt, in real time, to unusual or unexpected situations. Recently, the hCWA (2019) method has been developed to meet these specific needs. In the continuity of the research carried out in the framework of the hCWA, the PhD work is driven by two methodological objectives. The first objective, called "design", applies the hCWA to different medical emergency situations and shows how the conceptual framework allows the development of assistants able to support operators in the implementation of adaptive behaviors. The second "modeling" objective provides new methodological tools that model the operators' behaviors as trajectories in a space defined by the functional constraints of the system and delineating the field of possible actions (DSM, Rasmussen 1997). These two objectives are evolving towards a common desire to contribute to the design of ergonomic, safe and efficient care environments.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03326024
Contributor : Abes Star :  Contact
Submitted on : Wednesday, August 25, 2021 - 2:53:10 PM
Last modification on : Monday, December 13, 2021 - 12:10:03 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, November 26, 2021 - 8:03:22 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03326024, version 1

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Cécile Bernard. Analyse de l'activité de soignants médicaux et paramédicaux sur simulateur haute-fidélité lors de simulations d'urgence, en vue de la conception d'un environnement de soins ergonomique. Interface homme-machine [cs.HC]. Université de Bretagne Sud, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020LORIL574⟩. ⟨tel-03326024⟩

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