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Le problème de la valence en français et en chinois. Étude contrastive et typologique

Abstract : After researching the subject Study of verbal valence from a typological perspective of contrast between French and Chinese, we propose here an even deeper contrasting and typological study on the problem of valence in French and Chinese. The theory of “valence” was first proposed by the French linguist Lucien Tesnière and has been applied to various bending or agglutinating languages of Europe and the world, and also, it can be applied to insulating languages from Asia, such as Chinese, even if it was introduced quite late in China. For comparison, we take Chinese as a reference that we compare with French on avalent, monovalent, bivalent, trivalent, tetravalent verbs, and also on the diatheses of the change of valence of verbs. Contemporary Chinese and standard French are two very different languages from a typological point of view; unlike French, Chinese is a language with reduced morphology, verbal series, loose and narrow pivot constructions, topicalization and subjectification and also it is a phenomenon of grammaticalization (cf. Lemaréchal & Xiao, 2017) such as 把bǎ of the verb “take” became the preposition to propose objects in front of the verbs; 被bèi of the verb “suffer” became the preposition to mark the passive and the patient; 叫jiào and 让ràng of the verb “call” “to give” became signs of causative-factual and passive; 给gěi of the verb “give” that has become multifunctional: as a preposition, beneficiary, dative (of interest and ethics); causative-factual, applicative, passive mark; in the construction verbal series and construction pivot; and also it can be integrated into words as a semantic element. The theory of “valence” not only allows the study of the construction of verbs but can be extended to all predicates (in the semantic and logical sense of the term). This theory can be used in many languages. It has helped to improve dictionaries and facilitate language teaching and learning. This thesis aims to typologically solve certain problems on the verbal valence between French and Chinese.
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Submitted on : Saturday, July 31, 2021 - 1:01:12 AM
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Zewen Meng. Le problème de la valence en français et en chinois. Étude contrastive et typologique. Linguistique. Sorbonne Université, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021SORUL005⟩. ⟨tel-03311355⟩

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