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Conception et caractérisations de matériaux composites nanostructurés à hautes propriétés barrières. Etude films multinanocouches de PE et PA6 chargés de montmorillonite.

Abstract : Polymers are used in many fields such as packaging, automotive, etc. as they have good mechanical, thermal and barrier properties. Economic and environmental challenges are driving development towards more efficient and lighter materials. The aim of this thesis work was to develop multilayer composite films based on polyethylene (PE) and polyamide (PA6) with high gas and water barrier properties. A coextrusion process with multiplier elements made it possible to carry out 100 μm thick multilayers containing up to 2049 layers. Two series of PE-binder-PA6 films of different compositions were studied. Clays (organo-modified montmorillonites) were incorporated (at 0.5 and 5 wt%) into the alternating layers of PE and PA6. The structural, thermal and mechanical properties of these multilayers have been correlated with the transport properties. We observed confinement effects on nanostratification of films and crystallinity of polymers and the impact on barrier properties. We showed the complexity of the multinanolayer structures involving interphases as well as the complexity of the transfer mechanisms. The serial model for predicting permeability highlighted significant improvements in the gas barrier properties of confined PE layers but in water. The barrier effect on all of the multilayers was, however, limited due to the “on edge” orientation of the crystalline phases and structural defects. The confinement of nanofillers (at 1% v/v) in PA6 layers has made it possible to increase the barrier properties of multilayers.
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Quentin Lozay. Conception et caractérisations de matériaux composites nanostructurés à hautes propriétés barrières. Etude films multinanocouches de PE et PA6 chargés de montmorillonite.. Polymères. Normandie Université, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020NORMR012⟩. ⟨tel-03295353⟩

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