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Formalisation de la théorie de l' évolution : une approche philosophique et historique

Abstract : The aim of this thesis is to explore the hypothesis that the history of evolutionary biology in the post-Darwin era could be interpreted as the result of a twofold, though still unfinished, process of generalizing and formalizing the theory of evolution in order to unify the life sciences under the aegis of the principle of natural selection. More specifically, such a process would have resulted in the emergence of the synthetic theory of evolution as a conceptual framework that defines the basic principles guiding contemporary evolutionary biology. Nevertheless, how would the assumptions on which this framework is based provide a unified and generalized view of living things? First (Part I), we will show how the synthetic theory of evolution can be considered as a conceptual framework (Chapter 1). This will lead us to analyse the way in which the foundations of the latter are presented in a number of scientific textbooks, in order to compare such a presentation with the various attempts that have been made so far to better define the conceptual architecture of the synthetic theory in a formal approach (chapter 2). In a second step (part II), we will see how the recent debates around the extension of the modern synthesizer call into question the representations of the latter that we analysed in the previous part (chapter 3) and we will turn to the work of R. A. Fisher to look for an alternative (chapter 4).
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 20, 2021 - 3:22:12 PM
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Nicola Bertoldi. Formalisation de la théorie de l' évolution : une approche philosophique et historique. Philosophie. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020PA01H214⟩. ⟨tel-03292669⟩



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