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Theses

Energy optimization of the uplink for a wireless sensor network with the energy constraint

Abstract : In this dissertation, we are interested in the data gathering with energy constraint for Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs). Yet, there exist several challenges that may disturb a convenient functioning of this kind of networks. Indeed, WSNs' applications have to deal with limited energy, memory and processing capabilities of sensor nodes. Furthermore, as the size of these networks is growing continually, the amount of data for processing and transmitting becomes enormous. In many practical cases, the wireless sensors are distributed across a physical field to monitor physical phenomena with high space-time correlation. Hence, the main focus of this thesis is to reduce the amount of processed and transmitted data in the data gathering scenario. In the first part of this thesis, we consider the Compressive Sensing (CS), which is a promising technique to exploit this correlation in order to limit the number of transmission and therefore increase the lifetime of the network. Typically, we are interested in the mesh network topology, where the sink node is not in the range of sensors and routing schemes must be applied. We propose a joint Space-Time Compressive Sensing (STCS) by exploiting jointly the inter-sensors and intra-sensor data dependency. Moreover, since the routing and the number of retransmission affect significantly the total energy consumption, we introduce the routing in our cost function in order to optimize the selection of the transmitting sensors. Simulation results show that this method outperforms the existing ones and confirm the validity of our approach. In the second part of this thesis, we attempt to address nearly the same twofold energy saving scheme that is investigated in the first part with the use of the Matrix Completion (MC) methodology. Precisely, we assume that a restricted number of sensor nodes are selected to be active and represent the whole network, while the rest of nodes remain idle and do not participate at all in the data sensing and transmission. Furthermore, the set of active nodes' readings is efficiently reduced, in each time slot, according to a cluster scheduling with the Optimized Cluster-based MC data gathering approach (OCBMC). Relying on the existing MC techniques, the sink node is unable to recover the entire data matrix due to the existence of the completely empty rows that correspond to the inactive nodes. Although applying a high data compression ratio extremely reduces the overall network energy consumption, the network lifetime is not necessarily extended due to the uneven energy depletion of the sensor nodes' batteries. To this end, in the third part of this thesis, we have developed the Energy-Aware Matrix Completion based data gathering approach (EAMC), which designates the active nodes according to their residual energy levels. Furthermore, since we are mainly interested in the high data loss scenarios, the limited amount of delivered data must be sufficient in terms of informative quality it holds in order to reach good and satisfactory recovery accuracy for the entire network data. For that reason, the EAMC selects the nodes that can best represent the network depending on their inter-correlation as well as the network energy efficiency, with the use of a combined energy-aware and correlation-based metric. This introduced active node cost function changes with the type of application one wants to perform, with the intention to reach a longer lifespan for the network.
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Submitted on : Monday, July 19, 2021 - 1:01:27 AM
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Manel Kortas. Energy optimization of the uplink for a wireless sensor network with the energy constraint. Electronics. Université de Limoges; Systèmes de Communications (Tunis), 2020. English. ⟨NNT : 2020LIMO0025⟩. ⟨tel-03289802⟩

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