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Mutations de l'héritage rabelaisien dans la littérature française du XIXe siècle : la figure du bon vivant et le rapport à la nourriture

Abstract : The thesis’s objective is to propose a global point of view of Rabelais’s legacy on the Nineteenth Century’s French Literature, in the critique as in the fiction, through the representation of the ‘bon vivant’ character and the food. We will study the references between the authors towards Rabelais’s books such as Gargantua. The ‘bon vivant’ (like Gargantua itself) as described by Rabelais is the main tool of my work. The character and its proper characteristics will be compared to its adaptations by some of the French most famous writers from the French Nineteenth Century, like Balzac, Dumas, Gautier, Flaubert or Zola, but also by some less known authors like Nodier or Cladel. We will see how they link the Rabelaisian source to their own time and styles. The chasm between the 16th and the 19th Centuries is large and deep, and implies some mutations in the adaptation of the ‘bon vivant’ and its food. Furthermore, the writers’ choices in the writing are some clues revealing what marked (positively or negatively) the authors who admired Rabelais inside the style of their beloved writer. These choices can also show some particular goals of the writing, that we will try to point out.
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Alexandre Leroy. Mutations de l'héritage rabelaisien dans la littérature française du XIXe siècle : la figure du bon vivant et le rapport à la nourriture. Littératures. Université Charles de Gaulle - Lille III, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016LIL30029⟩. ⟨tel-03271935⟩

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