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La femme-monstre en France au XVIIe siècle (Théâtre et Iconographie)

Abstract : This work presents the theme of female monstrosity from 1635 to 1697 through the specificity of four case studies : Médée, Phèdre, Méduse and Madame Jobin inspired by La Voisin. The study of different theatrical genres like tragedy, musical tragedy and comedy, but also the analysis of engraved portraits and mythological or satirical engravings highlights the successive variations of the idea of " monster woman " in the whole XVII century. This thesis attempts to show that the portrayal of female monstrosity on stage or on pictures conveys the idea that the monstrosity is gradually destroyed. This destruction of the idea of monstrosity goes with the destruction of the hero or the heroin. These ideas have already been approached by Paul Bénichou and then by Sophie Vergne. This study shows that from Médée, model of the monster woman, no other woman can equal her. Every artwork follows the political, moral or aesthetic particularities contemporary to its writing. This context limits the display, on stage in particular, of a total female monstrosity as embodied by Médée. Every one of the theatrical and iconographic artworks, from Phèdre to the character of Lustucru, shows a meaning of the monstrosity that is specific to it, depending on it’s release or performance year. It indicates how the idea of " monster woman " always adapts to its context in order to represent successfuly the idea.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, June 22, 2021 - 3:53:15 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, June 24, 2021 - 10:23:05 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, September 23, 2021 - 6:52:39 PM


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  • HAL Id : tel-03267683, version 1


Marie Schoonaert. La femme-monstre en France au XVIIe siècle (Théâtre et Iconographie). Linguistique. Université de Limoges, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020LIMO0004⟩. ⟨tel-03267683⟩



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