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Theses

Essais sur les politiques familiales et l'emploi en Europe

Abstract : This thesis consists of four contributions on family policies and their links with mothers’ employment in Europe. After an introduction in Chapter 1, Chapter 2 presents the different issues and details family policies in Europe. Chapter 3 focuses on the comparison of European countries according to the characteristics of their family policy systems. Chapter 4 focuses on the factors influencing the labour supply of mothers in Europe. Finally, Chapter 5 studies the determinants of the demand for different types of childcare services. Thus, after defining and presenting European family policies in the second chapter, we highlight the heterogeneity of these programs in Europe and create a classification method in the third chapter. In the fourth chapter we test the effect of individual characteristics, family policies and gender norms on the labour supply of mothers. In the last chapter we focus on a single type of policy, namely childcare services and the link with mothers’ employment.
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Laurène Thil. Essais sur les politiques familiales et l'emploi en Europe. Economies et finances. Université de Strasbourg, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020STRAB012⟩. ⟨tel-03264311⟩

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