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Theses

Observations multi-instrumentales pour l’étude de la dynamique atmosphérique dans la haute atmosphère

Thurian Le Dû 1
1 STRATO - LATMOS
LATMOS - Laboratoire Atmosphères, Milieux, Observations Spatiales
Abstract : The upper atmosphere, and more specifically the region called MLT (Mesosphere Lower Thermosphere) which is situatedbetween 60 and 110 km in altitude, is the seat of various processes (chemical, radiative, dynamic) whose studyis crucial for the understanding of climate and the development of future climate models. This regionis characterized, among other things, by the nocturnal emission of radiation from atoms and molecules (radiationnightglow) and allowing, thanks to observation at ground level or from satellite platforms,to obtain information on these processes. There is therefore a great interest in the study of nightglow radiation : the observation of the phenomenaimpacting radiation in the MLT with the goal of understanding climate.The purpose of the thesis is to study the various dynamic phenomena involved in the variabilityof the radiation emitted in the MLT by the OH species, which is one of the tracers of the local dynamics.A measurement campaign was carried out in collaboration with Latmos (Laboratory of Atmospheres, Environments, Observations, etc.).and IMCCE (Institut de Mécanique Céleste et de Calcul des Ephémérides) at the Haute-Provence observatoryduring the night of December 12 to 13, 2017 corresponding to the peak of activity of the Geminides.(meteor shower). An InGaAs SWIR (Short-Wave InfRared) camera imaged the radiation emitted by theOH molecule at an altitude of 87 km. A Rayleigh lidar measured the temperature profile as a function of altitude and time and an array of microbarometers measured fluctuations in ground pressure.The work is focused on the detection and propagation of infrasound in the lower thermosphere produced at the surface and the propagation of gravity waves through the disturbed mesosphere during a mesospheric inversion.The work undertaken has shown the important impact of the inversion on the vertical propagation of gravity waves and on the infrasound activity.
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  • HAL Id : tel-03258689, version 1

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Thurian Le Dû. Observations multi-instrumentales pour l’étude de la dynamique atmosphérique dans la haute atmosphère. Océan, Atmosphère. Université Paris-Saclay, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020UPASJ003⟩. ⟨tel-03258689⟩

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