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Pour une approche de la pensée alphonsine : le cas du "Setenario" (Castille-Léon, XIIIème siècle)

Abstract : With this thesis, we will study Alfonso X the Wise’s Setenario (1281-1284). This encyclopedic text, composed of “laws”, consists of a complex though incomplete rewriting of legal, historic and scientific works assigned to the sovereign. It starts with a general propaedeutic and is afterwards based on two main themes. First, it presents a history of ancient beliefs (animism, idolatry and astrology) as a prefiguration of the Christian ritual. Then, thanks to a series of connections and interpretative leaps, it demonstrates how pagan customs and devotions led to the conception of the list of the seven sacraments. This final presentation, inspired by the contents of the Primera Partida and canonical texts, is a true profession of faith that establishes the norms of religious practices. Through a study of the sources and structures of this text, we will show how Alfonso X expresses, for the last time, his political and intellectual ideals. Certainly written at the end of his reign, the Setenario is not only a testament but also a transitional work. It puts an end to a period of intense literary activity led in a hostile context. Diseased, exiled in Seville, the king presents in this treatise a complete vision of his intellectual project that, as a legacy, he passes on to his successors. The text heralds a new way of thinking, born out of an effort to synthetize and structure knowledge. It prepares the rising of a new class of clergymen who, in the late 13th century, will give theological questions a central place in literary production.
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Johan Puigdengolas. Pour une approche de la pensée alphonsine : le cas du "Setenario" (Castille-Léon, XIIIème siècle). Littératures. Université Toulouse le Mirail - Toulouse II, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019TOU20040⟩. ⟨tel-03256416⟩

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