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Itinéraire d’une idée : genèse et mutations de la « logique » de l’excellence au département EPS/2SEP de l’ENS Cachan/Rennes (1975-2020)

Abstract : The main goal of the thesis is to understand the process which leads excellence to gradually become "logical" for students of the EPS/2SEP department of ENS Cachan/Rennes. Three ways make bring the complexity of research subject into focus. The first is related to institutions, considered as social structures and generating their own myths, the second is based on the collective imaginations of the participants and the third is related to the appropriation of beliefs at the individual level. The idea of excellence inherent to EPS / 2SEP department is first asserted with the physical education "agrégation". Historically, it is the first objective which gradually becomes "logical". Finally, it becomes oridinary and it can no longer be considered as the way to excellence. In the original project, the idea of excellence is linked to the social imagination of physical educaion. It evolves under the influence of other social imaginations. The standards of excellence are learned, integrated, supported, defended and endorsed by individuals, even though it turns out to be the source of symbolic violence, inconvenience, and even suffering for some students. The first period, between 1974 and 2004, relates to the process of creating an idea of excellence by the physical education group of the General inspection of National education and to the first years of operation of a "phantom" institution. The second part, from 2004 to 2012, arises out of the analysis of the mechanism that relegates the physical education "agrégation" from excellence to banality. Finally, from 2013 to 2020, a new ideal, based on addition of physical education "agrégation" and doctorate, asserts.
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Florian Hugedet. Itinéraire d’une idée : genèse et mutations de la « logique » de l’excellence au département EPS/2SEP de l’ENS Cachan/Rennes (1975-2020). Education. Université Bourgogne Franche-Comté, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020UBFCC031⟩. ⟨tel-03254792⟩

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