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Analyse discursive de propos jugés sexistes misogynes en contexte médiatique

Abstract : Discursive analysis of remarks deemed sexist, misogynistic in a media context"All the whores are misses", "this dream butt", "let them go back to their cleaning!","what a gorgeous bottom", here are some examples of broadcat remarks on the television and radio broadcasts that have been judged sexist by Conseil Supérieur de l’Audiovisuel. This thesis presents the different discursive forms of gender and gender discrimination in the media context. Based on the decisions of Conseil Supérieur de l’Audiovisuel, the study falls within the field of media discourse analysis and cultural studies on gender (cultural studies) and language (Gender and Language Studies). The media word raises the question of the responsibility of the speeches diffused in the public space. Conseil Supérieur de l’Audiovisuel, in the report of its decisions, uses various formulas to report objective criteria to cite the discriminations related to sex and gender: "stereotyped representations", "degrading images", "vulgar". In order to reveal a whole discriminating system, this work proposes a non-logocentric discourse analysis integrating images and mise-en-scenes as environment participating in the construction of representations and collective gendered practices. The media factory of sexist discourses is first of all a discursive categorization revealing organic reductions of the parts of the female body and secondly in the scenography and editing produced by the production. The fragmented body of women in misogynistic sexist discourse symbolizes a materialized body, accessible to all in the mise-scenes of television productions. Symbolic-inert body, the female body is the support of all sorts of stories; body without unique identity, it reflects a collective-passive picture, that of all women. Infantilized, humiliated, discredited, or conversely complimented repeatedly (insistent flattering speeches), the speech and representation of the woman and the female body appear stereotypically in axiologically located to standards and cultural representations collectively shared. On the other hand, the construction of misogynistic sexist discourses is a process of performativity where everyone participates in the implementation of discriminatory standards; the symbolic reality is drawning on the physical reality, the bodies are modified to fit with the discourses of the modelbodies so much stated. This thesis is motivated to bring a new perspective on media responsibility and to point out unequal discursive systems produced and disseminated by public media bodies.
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Eva Toquebiol. Analyse discursive de propos jugés sexistes misogynes en contexte médiatique. Linguistique. Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019MON30112⟩. ⟨tel-03252459⟩

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