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Les comportements techniques au Gravettien récent : réflexions sur la diversité de l'équipement cynégétique lithique

Abstract : Observed throughout a vast territory (from Oural to Portugal) and a long time span (from 34 000 to 25 000 cal BP), the gravettian cultural entity has nonetheless been the last to be defined in the Upper Palaeolithic and probably remains the most debated. Sometimes considered as a « cultural patchwork » or a « techno-complex », the Gravettian is characterized by many technical systems, a variety of economies or the diversity of its defining tool-types. In western Europe, a chronology relying on five technological facies was proposed, but their meaning and articulation are still discussed. This work questions the Late Gravettian’s coherence, which lacks recent reviews, through the typo-technological study of lithic points and insets and their production systems. Four major archaeological sites are reviewed (Abri Pataud, Les-Eyzies-de-Tayac, Dordogne ; the Peyrugues shelter, Orniac, Lot ; the Blot shelter, Cerzat, Haute-Loire ; Taillis-des-Coteaux, Antigny, Vienne) in order to discuss the influence of different factors liable to have modified human behavior, such as environment, climate or raw material availability. The contribution of these four stratigraphic sequences to Late Gravettian chronology is also examined.
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2020PA100131.pdf
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  • HAL Id : tel-03250600, version 1

Citation

Elise Cormareche. Les comportements techniques au Gravettien récent : réflexions sur la diversité de l'équipement cynégétique lithique. Archéologie et Préhistoire. Université de Nanterre - Paris X, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020PA100131⟩. ⟨tel-03250600⟩

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