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Où sont les femmes dans les syndicats en Suisse ? : une analyse localisée d'un processus de féminisation en cours

Abstract : Despite globally diminishing numbers in the traditional trade union branches, nearly 30’000 women joined the Union syndicale suisse in the last 15 years. This dissertation focuses on the feminization process of swiss trade unions, which we investigated both in terms of trade unionist careers and these unions internal workings. By conducting empirical research in local trade unions in Basel, we aimed to understand how trade unions feminized themselves and how gendered inequalities nevertheless persist. We investigated the local dynamics of feminization in three trade unions, with different organizational cultures and representing different professional branches: Unia, Syna and SSP. Crossing multiple analytical levels, we show different modalities of local feminization, which we investigated under the angle of existing equality politics, or absence thereof, and the inner workings of the organizations. This combined approach between organizational analysis and trade union career paths brings the production of gender relations in trade unions to light. Beyond external explanations of gender inequalities, the gendered work division shows how tasks principally executed by women stay depreciated and invisiblized. Trade unionism vocational ethics also weigh on lifework balance and produces gendered familial setups. Finally, despite the ongoing feminization process, to be a woman in an androcentric organization confronts them to different dimensions of sexism as well as challenging their dedication to the organization.
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Submitted on : Monday, May 31, 2021 - 6:18:04 PM
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Vanessa Monney. Où sont les femmes dans les syndicats en Suisse ? : une analyse localisée d'un processus de féminisation en cours. Science politique. Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - Paris I; Université de Lausanne, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020PA01D029⟩. ⟨tel-03243825⟩

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