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Theses

Processus inférentiels sociaux et langagiers chez les enfants et adolescents avec un trouble du spectre de l’autisme : approches clinique et développementale

Abstract : The aim of this thesis is to investigate the social and language development of children and adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) through the study of the non-literal aspects of language. Our first study explores the developmental trajectories of the social and language inferential processes underlying the understanding of this implicit dimension of language, as well as their predictive factors. This longitudinal study involved 12 children and adolescents with ASDs compared to their controls. Our second study involved the development and evaluation of a social skills training group (SSTG) for four adolescents with ASDs. This support was designed to address the social and language difficulties of people with ASD. Rather than a stable global deficit, the results of the first study highlight a partial and progressive alteration of the inferential capacities of the participants with an ASD. Regarding the predictive factors explored (chronological age, language level, executive functions), the performance of all participants was associated with chronological age. Among executive functions, only working memory appears as a predictive factor, and only for participants with an ASD. Concerning our second study, our results highlight the beneficial effect of the SSTG implemented for the four adolescents who participated. Our work opens perspectives in terms of evaluation and remediation to promote the development of inferential capacities in people with an ASD.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03243822
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Submitted on : Monday, May 31, 2021 - 6:16:42 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 2, 2021 - 3:16:21 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03243822, version 1

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Pauline Girard. Processus inférentiels sociaux et langagiers chez les enfants et adolescents avec un trouble du spectre de l’autisme : approches clinique et développementale. Psychologie. Université Rennes 2, 2021. Français. ⟨NNT : 2021REN20003⟩. ⟨tel-03243822⟩

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