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Génération d'un squelette informé et application à l'étude aéraulique de la forme urbaine

Houda Belgacem 1
1 CRENAU - Centre de recherche nantais Architectures Urbanités
AAU - Ambiances, Architectures, Urbanités
Abstract : Considering climate issues in an early phase of urban design requires design tools that are easy to use, quick to execute, and in line with the iterative process of designing. This thesis aims to create a simple tool to be used during the urban design phase to predict wind flows on a local scale and at the pedestrian level, based on urban morphological characteristics. This reading occurs through the construction of an urban vacuum skeleton. The skeleton then carries information to document the different urban components and their morphological characteristics at different levels. The dynamic approach to cross the urban vacuum is also a field-oriented analytical approach to capture and measure the urban space at the level of a set of punctual virtual sensors whose skeleton is sampled. Demonstrating the efficiency of the tools and methods proposed was adapted to three types of applications. The first is a production of profiles of morphological signatures of neighborhoods. The second is a detection of the different areas of the urban void (streets, crossroads, squares...). The third shows the skeleton’s ability to provide information to learn about wind distribution in the city.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 26, 2021 - 4:01:21 PM
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Houda Belgacem. Génération d'un squelette informé et application à l'étude aéraulique de la forme urbaine. Architecture, aménagement de l'espace. École centrale de Nantes, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019ECDN0060⟩. ⟨tel-03237407⟩

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