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Optimisation des stratégies interdisciplinaires de prise en charge de l'obésité pédiatrique : de l'évaluation clinique aux effets du Timing exercice-repas sur le comportement alimentaire de l'adolescent en situation d'obésité

Abstract : The rise of pediatric overweight, obesity and of their metabolic complications calls for the development of innovative, effective and integrative weight management strategies. Physical exercise is an essential component of multidisciplinary weight loss interventions that is no longer considered as a simple source of additional energy expenditure but is now recognized for its potential effects on energy intake (EI) and appetite control. The aim of the present work was to assess the effect of the exercise-meal timing (TIMEX program, for Timing Meal - Exercise) on energy intake, appetite sensations and food reward in adolescents with obesity. Based on our results, it would seem beneficial to encourage exercise close to the meal, which will also depend on the time between the exercise and the preceeding meal. Furthermore, our results suggest that these nutritional adaptations to exercise can be further optimized through a timing - intensity interaction, with a potentiated effect through high intensity exercise. As our experimental studies are the first in adolescents with obesity, they call for further works to confirm the present results. However, it seems essential today to consider the timing of exercise as an essential element of our physical activity prescriptions in order to empower our interventions among adolescents with obesity.
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https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03229609
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 19, 2021 - 9:55:08 AM
Last modification on : Friday, May 21, 2021 - 3:09:24 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03229609, version 1

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Alicia Fillon. Optimisation des stratégies interdisciplinaires de prise en charge de l'obésité pédiatrique : de l'évaluation clinique aux effets du Timing exercice-repas sur le comportement alimentaire de l'adolescent en situation d'obésité. Education. Université Clermont Auvergne, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020CLFAC063⟩. ⟨tel-03229609⟩

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